The Point of Studying Ethics

The Point of Studying Ethics

Why Study Ethics?

What are Work Ethics?

 
ETHICS /Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Advanced Study of Ethics)
Author: James Fieser
Email: jfieser@utm.edu
University of Tennessee at Martin
 
Meta ethics
Normative ethics
Applied ethics

The field of ethics (or moral philosophy) involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong behavior. Philosophers today usually divide ethical theories into three general subject areas: metaethics, normative ethics, and applied ethics.

Metaethics investigates where our ethical principles come from, and what they mean. Are they merely social inventions? Do they involve more than expressions of our individual emotions? Metaethical answers to these questions focus on the issues of universal truths, the will of God, the role of reason in ethical judgments, and the meaning of ethical terms themselves.

Normative ethics takes on a more practical task, which is to arrive at moral standards that regulate right and wrong conduct. This may involve articulating the good habits that we should acquire, the duties that we should follow, or the consequences of our behavior on others.

Finally, applied ethics involves examining specific controversial issues, such as abortion, infanticide, animal rights, environmental concerns, homosexuality, capital punishment, or nuclear war.

By using the conceptual tools of metaethics and normative ethics, discussions in applied ethics try to resolve these controversial issues.

The lines of distinction between metaethics, normative ethics, and applied ethics are often blurry. For example, the issue of abortion is an applied ethical topic since it involves a specific type of controversial behavior. But it also depends on more general normative principles, such as the right of self-rule and the right to life, which are litmus tests for determining the morality of that procedure. The issue also rests on metaethical issues such as, “where do rights come from?” and “what kind of beings have rights?”

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Our church organization was founded in 1966, as a loosely organized group of congregations in Ohio and Kentucky and each was named True Holiness Church of God. Because the missions and ministries of each congregation outgrew its capacity, in 1998, the united congregations incorported a central sheparding organization and named it True Holiness Assemblies of Truth United International Inc (THAT United) and each congregation is now called True Holiness Covenant of Peace Assembly. These congregations are located within the states of Ohio, Kentucky, Indiana, and Delaware, with a mission in Statesboro, Georgia. THAT United International is the corporate-voice all national and international missions and ministries. This organization is led by a Board of Bishops. Our Mission  To evangelize the world.  To promote effective church government.  To mobilize communities and nonprofit organizations toward social responsibility.  To provide leadership for the special needs of the young and the aged. Our Strategy to Reach Our Goals  Train and commission gifted evangelists, elders, and pastors to take the gospel of Jesus Christ to all people.  We have established a ministerial leadership training and development academy for the united churches and communities.  Continually assess our growth and effectiveness through scheduled conventions, annual conferences, and executive and administrative reporting systems.  Design and establish an alternative assistant living facility for senior citizens.  Establish a private school, grades K-12.  Support low-income families with childcare programs.

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